Health & Safety

Swimming pool safety guidelines

Swimming pools and spas are a fantastic way to cool off, relax, and have fun with friends and family. However, they can also pose serious risks if not properly maintained and secured. That’s why it’s essential to stay up-to-date on the latest pool safety guidelines and regulations. Poolz is here help you do just that, providing you with a comprehensive understanding of pool safety measures, essential features, and the importance of adult supervision and education to keep everyone safe and sound.

Short Summary

  • Understanding the risks of swimming pools and taking appropriate safety measures is essential to reduce the risk of accidental drowning.
  • High-risk age groups require safety precautions, such as fencing, alarms, covers and life rings.
  • Pool maintenance and upkeep are necessary for a safe environment. Regular inspections must be conducted with prompt repairs or replacements when needed.

Understanding the Risks

Swimming pools, whether public or private, can pose a significant risk if not properly secured and maintained. Inadequate pool fencing is a common problem, leading to many drowning accidents, particularly in private backyard swimming pools. If young children can easily gain unsupervised access to the pool area, the risk of accidents is increased. To reduce this risk, it’s crucial for pool owners to install appropriate safety barriers and ensure young children are supervised at all times.

Drowning is a leading cause of accidental death for young children, and the majority of these incidents occur in and around the home.

Drowning Statistics

Drowning statistics further emphasize the importance of pool safety measures. In Australia, 276 people drowned between July 2018 and June 2019, representing a 10% increase from the previous year. 31 Deaths were recorded in swimming pools all over the nation. These deaths are a cause for concern.

In Western Australia, 94% of drowning incidents for children aged 0-5 years occur in locations in and around the home, with 16 toddlers drowning in the last five years. In New South Wales, between 1 July 2002 and 30 June 2015, 64.8% of drowning deaths in children aged five and under occurred in private swimming pools. These alarming numbers serve as a stark reminder of the critical role that pool safety measures play in preventing such tragedies.

High-Risk Age Groups

Children under the age of five are particularly vulnerable to drowning, making them a high-risk age group. Additionally, individuals aged 55 and over are also at an increased risk of drowning due to factors such as watercraft use, physical strength and fitness, medical conditions, overestimation of skills, and lack of water safety knowledge.

It’s essential to be aware of these high-risk age groups and implement appropriate safety measures to protect them around swimming pools.

Common Causes of Accidents

The most common causes of pool accidents include inadequate pool fencing, lack of supervision, lack of safety features, lack of maintenance and inspection, lack of knowledge of local regulations, lack of understanding of water safety, and lack of resuscitation skills and training.

By addressing these issues and adhering to pool safety standards, we can significantly reduce the number of accidents and make swimming pools safer for everyone.

Essential Pool Safety Features

There are several essential pool safety features that should be installed to ensure the safety of those using the pool. These include pool fences, pool alarms, safety covers, life rings, and shepherd’s hooks. In  Australia, the law mandates the installation of a safety barrier to enclose private swimming pools and spas, with the purpose of safeguarding the well-being of young children by limiting their direct access to the area containing the swimming pool or spa.

Let’s take a closer look at some of these essential pool safety features.

Pool Fencing

Pool fencing is the number one safety measure when it comes to pool safety. Fences are a critical in preventing unauthorised access by young children to the pool area. Many jurisdictions, including Australia, have strict safety regulations when it comes to residential pools or spas. The pool area must be enclosed by a compliant safety barrier if the water depth exceeds 300 mm (30 cm) in order to restrict access to children under the age of five. Pool fencing requirements may vary by state, but generally, the fencing should be of a minimum height of 1.2 metres and should be equipped with a self-closing and self-latching gate.

Proper maintenance of pool fences and gates is equally important. All fence bolts, screws, and fasteners must be firmly secured and in good condition. Self-closing gate hinges, locks, and latches should be lubricated with oil or silicone, and manufacturers should provide written instructions on how to maintain your pool fence and gate.

Regular inspection of pool fencing can help identify potential hazards and ensure compliance with local regulations.

Gates and Latches

Gates and latches are another essential safety feature for pool fencing. They must be self-closing and self-latching to prevent unauthorized access. There are various types of pool gate latches available, including gravity close latches, spring-loaded latches, and bolt-secured latches.

Additionally, there are different types of pool gates, such as 135-degree latching gates and wall or post latching gates. It is of paramount importance that the gate is self-closing and self-latching, and that the latch is mounted on the inside of the gate.

Signage and CPR Instructions

Signage displaying CPR instructions and emergency contact information should be visible near the pool area. This can be crucial in case of an emergency, as it provides vital information on how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and who to contact for help.

In addition to CPR signage, it is also necessary to affix appropriate warning signs to the pool fence and gate, to ensure that pool users are aware of the potential risks and safety measures they need to adhere to.

Inflatable and Above-Ground Pool Safety

Inflatable and above-ground pools, including small inflatable pools, while often seen as a more affordable and convenient option, still require proper safety measures to ensure the safety of all users. This includes appropriate fencing, pool covers, and pool alarms, as well as safety equipment such as lifesaver rings, inflatable vests, a Shepherd’s Crook, life hooks, rescue tubes, and a first aid kit.

Inflatable and above-ground pools, like in-ground pools, must also be enclosed by a fence that meets local regulations to prevent unauthorised access by young children. Again, this typical requires a pool fence that is a minimum of 1.2 metres height with a self latching gate.

Spa Pool Safety

Spa pools, or hot tubs, provide a relaxing and enjoyable way to unwind, but they also require proper safety measures to prevent accidents and injuries. Spa pool safety involves the use of child-resistant covers, fencing, and regular maintenance and inspection of the spa pool and its equipment.

Child-Resistant Covers

While child-resistant covers can provide some protection for spa pools, it is important to note that they are not enough to replace fences for above-ground spa pools. Fences are the optimal solution to guarantee that children are kept away from the spa pool and cannot access it without proper supervision.

It is crucial to ensure that spa pool covers are in good condition and are used in conjunction with proper fencing and other safety measures.

Fencing and Barriers

Just like swimming pools, spa pools also require appropriate fencing and barriers to prevent unauthorized access by young children. Fencing should be of a minimum height of 1.2 metres and should be equipped with a self-closing and self-latching gate.

By installing proper pool barriers, you can help prevent accidents and ensure that your spa pool remains a safe and enjoyable place for everyone.

Maintenance and Inspection

Regular maintenance and inspection of your spa pool are crucial for ensuring that its safety features are functioning properly and that the water quality is maintained at a safe level. This includes checking and maintaining the spa pool’s filtration system, inspecting the whole spa area, pool and deck area for any potential hazards, and ensuring that all safety equipment, such as life rings and shepherd’s hooks, are in good working order.

By keeping your spa pool well-maintained and regularly inspected, you can help ensure a safe environment for all users.

Pool Toys and Accessories

Pool toys and accessories can add an extra element of fun and enjoyment to your swimming pool, but it is important to ensure that they are used safely and responsibly. This includes selecting age-appropriate toys that are free of hazards, properly storing toys when not in use, and providing adult supervision during playtime.

Safe Toy Selection

When choosing pool toys, it’s crucial to select age-appropriate toys that are free of hazards such as sharp edges or small parts that could pose a choking risk. Regularly inspect pool toys for signs of wear and tear or potential dangers, and take the necessary steps to remove or cover any hazards.

Storage and Maintenance

Proper storage and maintenance of pool toys and accessories are essential for preventing accidents and maintaining a safe environment. Pool toys should be securely stored in a dry place when not in use.

Regularly inspect toys for any signs of wear and tear, and replace or repair any toys that are damaged or no longer safe to use. By properly storing and maintaining your pool toys, you can help ensure that they remain safe and enjoyable for all users.

Supervision During Play

Adult supervision is crucial during playtime with pool toys and accessories. By actively supervising children while they play in the pool, you can help prevent accidents and ensure that everyone has a safe and enjoyable experience.

It’s essential to maintain constant visual contact with children in the pool, establish clear safety rules, and be aware of each child’s capabilities to ensure that they are not placed in a situation where they may be vulnerable to harm or submersion.

Adult Supervision and Education

Adult supervision and education play a crucial role in maintaining a safe swimming pool environment. By providing constant supervision, educating both adults and children on water safety, and ensuring that at least one person in the household is trained in CPR and first aid, you can help prevent accidents and save lives in case of an emergency.

Constant Supervision

Constant adult supervision is essential to prevent drownings and accidents in swimming pools. This means maintaining visual contact with children in the pool at all times and being aware of potential safety risks.

By providing active and attentive supervision, you can help ensure that children remain safe while enjoying the pool and prevent accidents from occurring.

Water Safety Education

Water safety education for both adults and children can play a significant role in preventing accidents and maintaining a safe swimming pool environment. This includes teaching children about the potential risks associated with swimming pools and how to stay safe while swimming.

Additionally, adults should be knowledgeable about water safety and be prepared to educate others on the topic. By promoting water safety education, you can help ensure that everyone using your swimming pool is aware of the potential hazards and knows how to stay safe.

Resuscitation Skills and Training

Resuscitation skills and training are crucial for saving lives in case of an emergency. At least one person in the household should participate in a CPR and general first aid course, which should cover both children and adults.

In case of emergency, do not hesitate to dial 000. Seek assistance immediately if you find yourself in a life-threatening or urgent situation. By being prepared with the necessary resuscitation skills and training, you can help save lives and prevent serious injuries in case of an emergency.

Compliance with Local Regulations

Compliance with local pool safety regulations is essential for ensuring a safe environment for everyone using your swimming pool or spa. This includes understanding the specific regulations that apply to your pool, ensuring regular inspections are carried out, and being aware of the penalties for non-compliance with current regulations.

Understanding Local Regulations

Familiarising yourself with local pool safety regulations is crucial to ensure that your swimming pool or spa complies with all necessary safety measures. Local regulations may include requirements for fencing, safety barriers, water quality, maintenance, and warning labels.

By understanding and adhering to the legal requirements of these regulations, you can help prevent accidents and ensure that your pool remains a safe and enjoyable place for everyone.

Inspection Process

Regular inspections by local authorities or accredited pool safety inspectors are necessary to ensure that your swimming pool or spa complies with local safety regulations. The inspection process typically involves a visual inspection of the pool area and safety features, as well as a review of any applicable local regulations.

By ensuring regular inspections are carried out, you can maintain a safe environment and prevent any potential penalties for non-compliance.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

Failing to comply with local pool safety regulations can result in serious consequences, including fines and legal action. In some cases, pool owners who do not comply with safety regulations may be subject to fines of up to $5,500, on-the-spot fines of $550, and legal action.

By adhering to local safety regulations and ensuring regular inspections are carried out, you can avoid these penalties and maintain a safe and secure swimming pool environment.

Pool Maintenance and Upkeep

Proper pool maintenance and upkeep are essential for ensuring a safe and enjoyable swimming environment for everyone. This includes regular inspections of pool safety features, as well as repair and replacement of any faulty equipment.

Regular Inspections

Regular inspections of pool safety features are necessary to ensure that they are functioning properly and any potential risks are identified and addressed. This includes checking the pool fencing, gates and latches, signage and CPR instructions, as well as any other safety features to ensure they are functioning as intended.

Repair and Replacement

If any pool safety equipment is found to be faulty or damaged during regular inspections, it’s important to repair or replace it as soon as possible to ensure a safe environment.

Regular maintenance and replacement of pool safety equipment can help prevent accidents and ensure that your swimming pool, especially older swimming pools, remains a secure and enjoyable place for everyone.


In conclusion, pool safety is a crucial aspect of owning and maintaining a swimming pool or spa. By understanding the risks, implementing essential safety features, and providing proper adult supervision and education, you can help prevent accidents and create a safe environment for everyone to enjoy. This includes adhering to local regulations, maintaining pool toys and accessories, and ensuring regular inspections and maintenance are carried out.

As a pool or spa owner, it’s your responsibility to ensure that your swimming pool or spa is a safe and enjoyable place for all users. By following these guidelines and recommendations, you can take the necessary steps to protect your loved ones and enjoy the many benefits that swimming pools and spas have to offer.

Frequently asked questions

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Does a pool cover improve pool safety?
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Solid pool covers that are designed to take the weight of person or child will give added safety to your pool area as they will not collapse in the event a child is on top of the cover. Soft pool covers on the other hand are definitely not an added safety feature for your pool.

What is the most essential pool safety equipment?
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Essential pool safety equipment in Australia includes a safety sign with CPR instructions and the number to dial incase of an emergency - 000. It is also advised to have a life ring handy. 

Adequate, capable supervision is always the main factor in pool safety.

What are the safety standards for a pool in Australia?
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In Australia, pool owners must adhere to strict safety standards in order to ensure the protection of those who use the facility. The barrier enclosing the pool area must be at least 1200mm in height and have a bottom no more than 100mm off the ground.

Adequate, capable supervision is always the main factor in pool safety.

How can I be safe in and around the pool?
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To stay safe in the pool, follow the most common advice such as not running near it, listening and obeying pool rules, avoiding diving into shallow ends, not engaging in roughhousing, being aware of drain covers and swimming with a buddy. Additionally, use appropriate safety equipment and ensure everyone has sunscreen on to prevent sunburn.

Adequate, capable supervision is always the main factor in pool safety.

How do I ensure my pool meets safety regulations?
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Ensuring that your pool meets safety regulations is crucial for the well-being of your family and compliance with local laws. Poolz recommends hiring a pool safety inspector to conduct a thorough inspection of your pool and its surrounding area. These professionals have the expertise to identify any potential safety hazards and provide recommendations to ensure your pool meets the required standards. They will assess elements such as fencing, gates, signage, and pool equipment to ensure compliance. By engaging a pool safety inspector, you can have peace of mind knowing that your pool is safe and meets all necessary regulations.

Health & Safety

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